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Oxygen Plasma Activated Carbon Nanotubes as Electrode Material for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

  • Since the 1980’s, against the backdrop of global warming and the decline of conventional energy resources, low emission and renewable energy systems have gotten into the focus of politics as well as research and development. In order to decrease the emission of greenhouse gases Germany intents to generate 80% of its electrical energy from renewable and low emission sources by 2050. For low emission electricity generation hydrogen operated fuel cells are a potential solution. However, although fuel cell technology has been well known since the 19th century cost effective materials are needed to achieve a breakthrough in the market. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Carbon Nanotubes as Electrode Material At the Westphalian Energy Institute of the Wesphalian University of Applied Sciences one main focus is on the research of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). PEMFC membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) consist of a polymer membrane with electrolytic properties covered on both sides by a catalyst layer (CL) as well as a porous and electrical conductive gas diffusion layer (GDL). For PEMFC carbon nanotubes (CNT) have ideal properties as electrode material concerning electrical conductivity, oxidation resistance and media transport. CNTs are suitable for the use as catalyst support material within the CL due to their large surface in comparison to conventional carbon supports. Furthermore, oxygen plasma treated CNTs show electrochemical activity referred to hydrogen adsorption and desorption, which has been shown by cyclic voltammetry in 0.5 M sulfuric acid solution. According to the PEMFCs anode a GDL coated with oxygen plasma activated CNTs has promising properties to significantly reduce catalyst content (e.g. platinum) of the anodic CL.

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Author:Veronika Rigou, Ulrich Rost, Gabriela Marginean, Michael Brodmann, Waltraut Brandl
Parent Title (German):Konferenz: "2nd International Conference on Materials for Energy", 12.-16. Mai 2013 in Karlsruhe
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2017/01/05
Year of first Publication:2013
Publishing Institution:Westfälische Hochschule Gelsenkirchen Bocholt Recklinghausen
Release Date:2017/01/16
GND Keyword:Erneuerbare Energien; Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhre; Polymer-Elektrolytmembran-Brennstoffzelle
Departments / faculties:Institute / Westfälisches Energieinstitut
Licence (German):License LogoEs gilt das Urheberrechtsgesetz

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